S.E.A. Blog

Learn Horse Anatomy in Sculpture

August 22, 2018

The skull is formed mainly by flat bones interlocking together. There are 34 bones making up the complex structure. The flat bones are joined by cartilage at birth, as the horse matures the cartilage is replaced by bone.

Head motion is controlled mainly by the neck mu...

August 16, 2018


Oil based clay has great plasticity making it easy to be used in a variety of ways. It’s common use is over some kind of armature traditionally used for moquette building when planning a large scale bronze sculpture.

Over an Armature  

Oil based clays can be...

August 14, 2018

Areas of body condition
We can break out the areas of assessment into at least 6 categories. See chart below.


The BLUE area is skeletal. S.E.A. considers this to be the first area of assessment because horses with skeletal damage from misuse, incorrect training, lack...


An armature is a supporting system built to hold up the clay while the sculptor is working. It allows for complex composition planning and building.  It provides both structure and stability to the piece.

Armature Materials   

Choosing the right arm...

August 7, 2018

Building the Stick Figure  
The foreleg refers to the entire front limb of the horse. The haunches refers to the hind end. It is important to note that the foreleg is from the scapula down to where the hoof meets the ground on both sides and in between the legs comfort...


Oil based clay was produced by sculptors to provide sculptors with a malleable material that didn’t shrink, crack or dry out. This was and is desirable for many reasons within the process of model building. Because of the properties within the clay, it’s po...

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